CTBUH Gold Member

RWDI

About

Member Since: 1986

Member Offices: Guelph, Kuala Lumpur, London, Miami, Milan, Milton Keynes, Shanghai, Singapore, Thiruvananthapuram

Website: http://www.rwdi.com/

RWDI is an international specialty consulting engineering firm that uses a variety of engineering, computing, and scientific capabilities to help designers create comfortable environments and high performance buildings and structures.

As a company dedicated to delivering knowledge-based solutions and strategies to their clients in architecture, engineering, masterplanning and property development, they focus on continuous improvement, state-of-the-art systems and procedures, accountability, and attention to clients that exceeds their expectations.

“Making complicated issues simple” is more than a phrase they use: it is their mission! They aim to be accessible and responsive. Indeed it is their vision to deliver an unrivalled client experience.

Fields of Expertise

Engineering, Other; Environmental Engineering; Wind Engineering

Buildings

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
Status

Completed

Architecturally Topped Out

Structurally Topped Out

Under Construction

On Hold

Proposed

Vision

Never Completed

Demolished

Competition Entry

Canceled

Proposed Renovation

Under Renovation

Renovated

Under Demolition

Height

1

Jeddah Tower

1000 m / 3,281 ft

2

Burj Khalifa

828 m / 2,717 ft

3

Merdeka 118

678.9 m / 2,227 ft

4

Shanghai Tower

632 m / 2,073 ft

5

Ping An Finance Center

599.1 m / 1,965 ft

6

Lotte World Tower

554.5 m / 1,819 ft

7

One World Trade Center

541.3 m / 1,776 ft

8

Triumph Tower

535 m / 1,755 ft

9

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre

530 m / 1,739 ft

10

CITIC Tower

527.7 m / 1,731 ft

Awards

Ctbuh Leaders

Anton Davies

Anton Davies

CTBUH Canada Chapter, 2013 – Present

Toronto

Xiangdong Du

Xiangdong Du

CTBUH Expert Chinese Translation Committee, 2014 – Present

Shanghai

John Kilpatrick

John Kilpatrick

CTBUH Expert Peer Review Committee, 2014 – Present

Ontario

Building Completions Timeline

Videos

06 November 2014

Fazlur R. Khan Lifetime Achievement Award: Wind Engineering the World’s Tallest

Peter Irwin, one of the founding partners of Rowan Williams Davies and Irwin Inc. (RWDI), has led wind engineering on many of the world’s tallest...

View all

Research

17 October 2016

Plot 17-18 Project: Tall Building Design in “Moscow City”

Renaissance Construction is one of the common development companies in Russia, planning to build a mixed-use project within Moscow City, a new development area along...

View all

Global News

09 November 2022

New York Penthouse Sells for US$72 Million

In one of the year’s priciest real estate deals, a penthouse at New York City’s 220 Central Park South has sold for US$72 million, records...

View all

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
City
Height

1

Sky Mile Tower

Tokyo

1700 m

5,577 ft

2

Jeddah Tower

Jeddah

1000 m

3,281 ft

3

Burj Khalifa

Dubai

828 m

2,717 ft

4

Merdeka 118

Kuala Lumpur

679 m

2,227 ft

5

Ping An Finance Center

Shenzhen

660 m

2,165 ft

6

Wuhan Greenland Center

Wuhan

636 m

2,087 ft

7

Shanghai Tower

Shanghai

632 m

2,073 ft

8

Triple One

Seoul

620 m

2,034 ft

9

Chicago Spire

Chicago

610 m

2,000 ft

10

Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle

Chicago

610 m

2,000 ft

11

Ping An Finance Center

Shenzhen

599 m

1,965 ft

12

Lotte World Tower

Seoul

555 m

1,819 ft

13

One World Trade Center

New York City

541 m

1,776 ft

14

Triumph Tower

Balneário Camboriú

535 m

1,755 ft

15

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre

Guangzhou

530 m

1,739 ft

16

CITIC Tower

Beijing

528 m

1,731 ft

17

Nina Tower

Hong Kong

518 m

1,699 ft

18

Dalian Greenland Center

Dalian

518 m

1,699 ft

19

Busan Lotte Town Tower

Busan

510 m

1,674 ft

20

TAIPEI 101

Taipei

508 m

1,667 ft

21

Federation Tower Spire

Moscow

506 m

1,660 ft

22

Greenland Jinmao International Financial Center

Nanjing

500 m

1,640 ft

23

International Commerce Centre

Hong Kong

484 m

1,588 ft

24

7 South Dearborn

Chicago

478 m

1,567 ft

25

Wuhan Greenland Center

Wuhan

476 m

1,560 ft

26

Chengdu Greenland Tower

Chengdu

468 m

1,535 ft

27

R&F Guangdong Building

Tianjin

468 m

1,535 ft

28

Lakhta Center

St. Petersburg

462 m

1,516 ft

29

Vincom Landmark 81

Ho Chi Minh City

461 m

1,513 ft

30

The Exchange 106

Kuala Lumpur

454 m

1,488 ft

31

Petronas Twin Tower 1

Kuala Lumpur

452 m

1,483 ft

31

Petronas Twin Tower 2

Kuala Lumpur

452 m

1,483 ft

33

Suzhou IFS

Suzhou

450 m

1,476 ft

34

Dancing Dragon Tower 1

Seoul

446 m

1,463 ft

35

Nanning China Resources Tower

Nanning

445 m

1,460 ft

36

Hybrid Timber Tower

Toronto

444 m

1,455 ft

37

Wuhan Center Tower

Wuhan

443 m

1,454 ft

38

World One

Mumbai

442 m

1,450 ft

39

111 West 57th Street

New York City

435 m

1,428 ft

40

Multifunctional Highrise Complex - Akhmat Tower

Groznyj

435 m

1,427 ft

41

Haikou Tower 1

Haikou

428 m

1,404 ft

42

Greenland Shandong International Financial Center

Jinan

428 m

1,404 ft

43

One Vanderbilt Avenue

New York City

427 m

1,401 ft

44

432 Park Avenue

New York City

426 m

1,397 ft

45

Trump International Hotel & Tower

Chicago

423 m

1,389 ft

46

Nanjing Olympic Suning Tower

Nanjing

420 m

1,377 ft

47

Princess Tower

Dubai

413 m

1,356 ft

48

Two International Finance Centre

Hong Kong

412 m

1,352 ft

49

Guangxi China Resources Tower

Nanning

403 m

1,321 ft

50

Guiyang International Financial Center T1

Guiyang

401 m

1,316 ft

51

23 Marina

Dubai

392 m

1,287 ft

52

CITYMARK CENTRE

Shenzhen

388 m

1,274 ft

53

30 Hudson Yards

New York City

387 m

1,270 ft

54

Block H

Seoul

386 m

1,266 ft

55

London Millennium Tower

London

386 m

1,265 ft

56

PIF Tower

Riyadh

385 m

1,263 ft

57

Shun Hing Square

Shenzhen

384 m

1,260 ft

58

Autograph Tower

Jakarta

383 m

1,256 ft

59

Plaza Rakyat Office Tower

Kuala Lumpur

382 m

1,253 ft

60

Burj Mohammed Bin Rashid

Abu Dhabi

381 m

1,251 ft

61

Dancing Dragon Tower 2

Seoul

378 m

1,240 ft

62

Federation Tower

Moscow

374 m

1,226 ft

63

The Address Boulevard

Dubai

370 m

1,214 ft

64

Çamlıca Radio & TV Tower

Istanbul

369 m

1,211 ft

65

Qingdao Hai Tian Center

Qingdao

369 m

1,210 ft

66

The St. Regis Chicago

Chicago

363 m

1,191 ft

67

Almas Tower

Dubai

360 m

1,181 ft

68

Hanking Center

Shenzhen

359 m

1,177 ft

69

Greenland Group Suzhou Center

Suzhou

358 m

1,175 ft

70

Raffles City Chongqing T3N

Chongqing

355 m

1,163 ft

71

Raffles City Chongqing T4N

Chongqing

355 m

1,163 ft

72

OKO - Residential Tower

Moscow

354 m

1,162 ft

73

Forum 66 Tower 1

Shenyang

351 m

1,150 ft

74

Diagonal Tower

Seoul

343 m

1,127 ft

75

Four Seasons Place

Kuala Lumpur

343 m

1,124 ft

76

Sapphire Tower

Toronto

341 m

1,119 ft

77

Comcast Technology Center

Philadelphia

339 m

1,112 ft

78

Mercury City Tower

Moscow

339 m

1,112 ft

79

The One

Toronto

338 m

1,110 ft

80

Taipei Twin Tower 1

Taipei

337 m

1,106 ft

81

Wilshire Grand Center

Los Angeles

335 m

1,100 ft

82

DAMAC Heights

Dubai

335 m

1,099 ft

83

Thamrin Nine Tower 1

Jakarta

334 m

1,094 ft

84

SkyWalk Residence

Seoul

333 m

1,093 ft

85

China World Tower

Beijing

330 m

1,083 ft

86

3 World Trade Center

New York City

329 m

1,079 ft

87

Zhuhai Tower

Zhuhai

329 m

1,079 ft

88

Salesforce Tower

San Francisco

326 m

1,070 ft

89

Nina Tower

Hong Kong

320 m

1,051 ft

90

Palais Royale

Mumbai

320 m

1,050 ft

91

Hermitage Plaza South Tower

Courbevoie

320 m

1,050 ft

92

Hermitage Plaza East Tower

Courbevoie

320 m

1,050 ft

93

Signature Tower

Nashville

320 m

1,050 ft

94

Sinar Mas Center 1

Shanghai

320 m

1,050 ft

95

Waterview Tower

Chicago

319 m

1,047 ft

96

Yongsan IBD Pentominium 1

Seoul

319 m

1,047 ft

96

Yongsan IBD Pentominium 2

Seoul

319 m

1,047 ft

98

New York Times Tower

New York City

319 m

1,046 ft

99

Ocean Heights

Dubai

310 m

1,017 ft

100

Menara TM

Kuala Lumpur

310 m

1,017 ft

101

Pearl River Tower

Guangzhou

309 m

1,015 ft

102

Lokhandwala Minerva

Mumbai

307 m

1,007 ft

103

The Shard

London

306 m

1,004 ft

104

Northeast Asia Trade Tower

Incheon

305 m

1,001 ft

105

Shining Tower

Taichung

304 m

997 ft

106

One Manhattan West

New York City

304 m

996 ft

107

Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza, Parcel A

Nanchang

303 m

994 ft

107

Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza, Parcel B

Nanchang

303 m

994 ft

109

Greenland Center North Tower

Yinchuan

301 m

988 ft

110

Torre Costanera

Santiago

300 m

984 ft

111

The Cloud Tower 1

Seoul

300 m

984 ft

112

Lokhandwala Minerva

Mumbai

300 m

984 ft

113

Comcast Center

Philadelphia

297 m

974 ft

114

The Blade

Seoul

293 m

960 ft

115

Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 2

Busan

292 m

958 ft

116

220 Central Park South

New York City

290 m

950 ft

117

Plaza 66

Shanghai

288 m

945 ft

118

Guoco Tower

Singapore

284 m

931 ft

119

World One

Mumbai

280 m

919 ft

120

Zhengzhou Greenland Plaza

Zhengzhou

280 m

919 ft

121

Taipei Twin Tower 2

Taipei

280 m

919 ft

122

Torre KOI

San Pedro Garza García

279 m

916 ft

123

15 Hudson Yards

New York City

279 m

914 ft

124

22 Bishopsgate

London

278 m

913 ft

125

The St. Regis Toronto

Toronto

277 m

908 ft

126

Scotia Tower

Toronto

275 m

902 ft

127

Guiyang International Financial Center T2

Guiyang

275 m

902 ft

128

Bahria Town ICON

Karachi

273 m

896 ft

129

Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 1

Busan

273 m

895 ft

130

Aura at College Park

Toronto

272 m

892 ft

131

Taipei Nanshan Plaza

Taipei

272 m

891 ft

132

One Barangaroo

Sydney

271 m

890 ft

133

DAMAC Paramount Hotel & Residences

Dubai

268 m

879 ft

133

DAMAC Towers by Paramount, Tower 1

Dubai

268 m

879 ft

133

DAMAC Towers By Paramount, Tower 2

Dubai

268 m

879 ft

133

DAMAC Towers by Paramount, Tower 3

Dubai

268 m

879 ft

137

Nation Towers Residential Lofts

Abu Dhabi

268 m

879 ft

138

Diamond of Istanbul

Istanbul

268 m

879 ft

139

Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Zifeng Tower

Nanchang

268 m

879 ft

140

10 Hudson Yards

New York City

268 m

878 ft

141

Nest One

Tashkent

267 m

874 ft

142

Eight Spruce Street

New York City

265 m

870 ft

143

Energy Tower at City Center

Midland

265 m

869 ft

144

The Address Residence Sky View Tower 1

Dubai

264 m

867 ft

145

Trinity Tower

Jakarta

263 m

863 ft

146

Trump World Tower

New York City

262 m

861 ft

147

Nathani Heights

Mumbai

262 m

858 ft

148

Three Sixty West Tower B

Mumbai

260 m

853 ft

149

Beijing Greenland Center

Beijing

260 m

853 ft

150

The Cloud Tower 2

Seoul

260 m

853 ft

151

Commerzbank Tower

Frankfurt am Main

259 m

850 ft

152

FIVE Beach

Dubai

259 m

849 ft

153

Park Tower

Chicago

257 m

844 ft

154

Raffles City Chongqing T5

Chongqing

256 m

839 ft

155

Raffles City Chongqing T2

Chongqing

256 m

839 ft

156

Raffles City Chongqing T4S

Chongqing

256 m

839 ft

157

Raffles City Chongqing T3S

Chongqing

256 m

839 ft

158

Three Sixty West Tower A

Mumbai

256 m

839 ft

159

Burj Vista Tower 1

Dubai

255 m

835 ft

160

Shenzhen AVIC Plaza

Shenzhen

254 m

833 ft

161

Panorama Tower

Miami

252 m

827 ft

162

56 Leonard

New York City

250 m

821 ft

163

Le Phare de Quebec Tour 1

Quebec

250 m

820 ft

164

Beijing Yintai Centre - Park Tower

Beijing

250 m

820 ft

165

The Shang Salcedo

Makati

250 m

820 ft

166

181 Fremont

San Francisco

247 m

810 ft

167

Ningbo Bank of China Headquarters

Ningbo

246 m

808 ft

168

Tencent Seafront Tower 1

Shenzhen

246 m

806 ft

169

Bloomberg Tower

New York City

246 m

806 ft

170

FKI Tower

Seoul

246 m

805 ft

171

Haitian Center Tower 3

Qingdao

245 m

804 ft

172

Harmony Tower

Seoul

243 m

799 ft

173

CIBC Square II

Toronto

243 m

798 ft

174

Federation Tower - Zapad Tower

Moscow

243 m

796 ft

175

CapitaGreen

Singapore

242 m

794 ft

176

CIBC Square I

Toronto

241 m

792 ft

177

Four Seasons Hotel & Tower

Miami

240 m

789 ft

178

Altair

Colombo

240 m

787 ft

179

The Imperium at Capital Commons

Pasig

240 m

787 ft

180

Azrieli Sarona Tower

Tel Aviv

238 m

782 ft

181

Xi`an Center

Xi’an

238 m

781 ft

182

520 Park Avenue

New York City

238 m

781 ft

183

The Bow

Calgary

238 m

779 ft

184

55 Hudson Yards

New York City

237 m

779 ft

185

Madison Square Park Tower

New York City

237 m

778 ft

186

The Headquarters Business Park

Jeddah

236 m

774 ft

187

STG STAR LIVING

Thane

236 m

773 ft

188

The Address Residence Sky View Tower 2

Dubai

236 m

773 ft

189

1201 Third Avenue Tower

Seattle

235 m

772 ft

190

Spire London

London

235 m

771 ft

191

WKL Hotel and Tropicana The Residences

Kuala Lumpur

235 m

771 ft

192

Torre BBVA

Mexico City

235 m

771 ft

193

St. Regis Luxury Hotel

Abu Dhabi

233 m

765 ft

194

Harbour Plaza Residences East

Toronto

233 m

764 ft

195

International Ocean Shipping Building

Shanghai

232 m

762 ft

196

609 Main at Texas

Houston

230 m

755 ft

197

The Royalton

Pasig

230 m

755 ft

198

Ilsan Yojin Y-City Tower 103

Goyang

230 m

755 ft

198

Ilsan Yojin Y-City Tower 105

Goyang

230 m

755 ft

200

Aleph Doha Residences

Doha

230 m

755 ft

201

Elite Pavilion

Kuala Lumpur

230 m

755 ft

202

Raffles City Chongqing T1

Chongqing

229 m

750 ft

202

Raffles City Chongqing T6

Chongqing

229 m

750 ft

204

Plaza 66 Tower 2

Shanghai

228 m

749 ft

205

Four Seasons Hotel and Private Residences, One Dalton Street

Boston

228 m

748 ft

206

Ilsan Yojin Y-City Tower 102

Goyang

225 m

738 ft

206

Ilsan Yojin Y-City Tower 104

Goyang

225 m

738 ft

208

OKO - Office Tower

Moscow

225 m

736 ft

209

Harbour Plaza Residences West

Toronto

224 m

735 ft

210

The Drew Las Vegas

Las Vegas

224 m

735 ft

211

River Point

Chicago

223 m

732 ft

212

Ilsan Yojin Y-City Tower 106

Goyang

221 m

725 ft

213

150 North Riverside

Chicago

221 m

724 ft

214

Newfoundland Place

London

220 m

721 ft

215

100 East 53rd Street

New York City

217 m

711 ft

216

Shanghai Financial Exchange Plaza Tower 1

Shanghai

215 m

705 ft

217

Bay-Adelaide Centre

Toronto

215 m

704 ft

218

Valiant Tower

London

215 m

704 ft

219

Shangri-La Hotel Toronto

Toronto

214 m

702 ft

220

Ilsan Yojin Y-City Tower 101

Goyang

214 m

702 ft

221

Cross # Tower 1

Seoul

214 m

702 ft

222

Salesforce Tower

Indianapolis

214 m

701 ft

223

One Thousand Museum

Miami

213 m

699 ft

224

Omkar 1973 Worli Tower A

Mumbai

212 m

696 ft

224

Omkar 1973 Worli Tower B

Mumbai

212 m

696 ft

224

Omkar 1973 Worli Tower C

Mumbai

212 m

696 ft

227

Podium West Tower

Mandaluyong

210 m

689 ft

228

Haitian Center Tower 1

Qingdao

210 m

689 ft

229

Pacific Century Place Jakarta

Jakarta

209 m

687 ft

230

The Residences of 488 University Avenue

Toronto

208 m

681 ft