King Abdullah Financial District

Riyadh
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

385 m / 1,263 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

385 m / 1,263 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

352.5 m / 1,156 ft
1 2 3 PIF Tower Outline
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

72
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

4
Official Name
The current legal building name.

King Abdullah Financial District

Type

Complex

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Under Construction

Country

Saudi Arabia

City

Riyadh

Function

exhibition / hotel / multiple / office / residential / retail

Master Planner

Henning Larsen Architects

# of Apartments

154

# of Hotel Rooms

214

Map of Buildings in Complex

Note: Only buildings that have GPS coordinates recorded are displayed.

 

List of Buildings in Complex

Rank
Building Name
Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished
Completion
Height
Floors
Material
Use
1 PIF Tower
2021 385 m / 1,263 ft 72 composite office
2 KAFD World Trade Center
2021 304 m / 997 ft 67 concrete office
3 GCC Bank Headquarters
2021 264 m / 866 ft 53 concrete office
4 Samba Bank HQ Tower
2020 231.2 m / 758 ft 40 concrete office
5 Tadawul Tower
2021 200 m / 656 ft 42 concrete office
6 PPA 30 Parcel 4.09
2015 182 m / 597 ft 46 N/A residential
7 Villas in the Sky
2016 160 m / 525 ft 32 concrete residential / office
8 PPA 30 Parcel 5.05 Residential Tower
2018 149 m / 489 ft 38 concrete residential
9 PP 10 Parcel 3.04 Office Tower
2014 144.6 m / 474 ft 34 concrete office
10 PPA 30 Parcel 3.09
2017 138 m / 453 ft 33 composite residential / office / retail
11 PPA 30 Parcel 3.10
2018 138 m / 453 ft 30 composite residential / office / retail
12 Crystal Tower 1
2018 135 m / 443 ft 26 concrete/steel office
13 PP 10 Parcel 4.08
2018 126 m / 413 ft 32 concrete residential / office
14 PPA 30 Parcel 5.05 Office Tower
2018 125 m / 410 ft 23 concrete office
15 PPA 30 Parcel 5.03 Tower 1
2018 105 m / 344 ft 26 concrete residential / office
16 PPA 30 Parcel 2.12
2018 105 m / 344 ft 23 concrete residential / office
17 PP 10 Parcel 2.14
2018 104.9 m / 344 ft 19 concrete residential / office
18 PP 10 Parcel 1.12
2018 102.1 m / 335 ft 21 concrete office
19 PP 10 Parcel 3.04 Residential Tower
2014 97.7 m / 320 ft 26 concrete residential
20 Wyndham Grand Riyadh
- 87.3 m / 286 ft 16 composite hotel
21 PP 10 Parcel 3.05 Office Tower
2014 83.4 m / 274 ft 19 concrete office
22 PPA 30 Parcel 5.01
2018 83 m / 272 ft 19 concrete residential / office
23 PPA 30 Parcel 1.11
2018 83 m / 272 ft 18 concrete office / retail
24 PP 10 Parcel 4.07
2018 81 m / 266 ft 19 concrete residential / office
25 Crystal Tower 2
2018 80 m / 262 ft 18 concrete/steel office
26 PPA 30 Parcel 5.06
2018 77 m / 253 ft 14 composite hotel
27 PPA 30 Parcel 5.03 Tower 2
2018 75.6 m / 248 ft 16 concrete residential / office
28 PP 10 Parcel 3.05 Residential Tower
2014 67.1 m / 220 ft 17 concrete residential
29 Vertical Medina
2018 66.5 m / 218 ft 16 concrete residential / office
30 The Butterfly
2018 66 m / 217 ft 15 concrete residential / office
31 Cascading Condos
2017 60 m / 197 ft 12 concrete office / residential
32 PPA 30 Parcel 2.11
2018 55 m / 180 ft 11 concrete residential / office / retail
33 PPA 30 Parcel 2.07 Tower A
2018 48.8 m / 160 ft 11 concrete residential
34 PPA 30 Parcel 2.05 Office Tower
2018 48 m / 157 ft 9 concrete office / retail
35 KAFD Conference Centre
2014 41.7 m / 137 ft 2 composite exhibition
36 PPA 30 Parcel 2.05 Residential Tower
2018 40 m / 131 ft 8 concrete residential / retail
37 PP 10 Parcel 2.09
2014 34.5 m / 113 ft 7 concrete residential / office / retail
38 The Financial Plaza
2016 26.7 m / 88 ft - steel multiple
39 Muqarnas Tower
2018 - m / - ft 36 concrete office / retail
40 PPA 30 Parcel 4.01
2018 - m / - ft 21 concrete residential / office
41 PPA 30 Parcel 2.08
2018 - m / - ft 14 concrete office / residential / retail
42 The Gem Building
2018 - m / - ft 10 concrete residential / office / retail
43 PPA 30 Parcel 2.07 Tower B
2018 - m / - ft 9 concrete office
43 PPA 30 Parcel 2.07 Tower C
2018 - m / - ft 9 concrete office

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Façade Engineering Award 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

CTBUH Initiatives

The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall

28 November 2018 - CTBUH Research

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

13 October 2016 - CTBUH Research

Videos

20 August 2015

The Design of the Capital Market Authority Tower, Riyadh

HOK's Roger Soto discusses the design of the Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh.

Research

30 January 2020

Tall Building Predictions for 2020

CTBUH Research

The combined brains of the CTBUH editorial and database staff boldly predict what might happen across the global skyscraper industry in 2020. Check out our...

20 August 2015

The Design of the Capital Market Authority Tower, Riyadh

HOK's Roger Soto discusses the design of the Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh.

19 September 2012

The Next Generation of Ultra High-Rise Buildings

In recent times, several invitations have been issued by Governmental and Private Bodies to develop the next tallest building in the world, often with target...

18 September 2014

Human Scale in Vertical Urbanism

As global cities continue their horizontal sprawl, climate change bears down on our finite natural resources, and energy costs and population growth soar, it is...

30 January 2020

Tall Building Predictions for 2020

CTBUH Research

The combined brains of the CTBUH editorial and database staff boldly predict what might happen across the global skyscraper industry in 2020. Check out our...

20 October 2018

The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall

CTBUH Research

The Middle East region is hosting its first CTBUH International Conference since 2008. In that year, there were 119 completed buildings of 150 meters or...

01 December 2016

An Overview of Structural & Aesthetic Developments in Tall Buildings Using Exterior Bracing & Diagrid Systems

Kheir Al-Kodmany, University of Illinois; Mir M. Ali, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

There is much architectural and engineering literature which discusses the virtues of exterior bracing and diagrid systems in regards to sustainability - two systems which...

26 October 2015

Iconic Office Tower Propels Saudi Arabia into the New Global Century: Challenges and Innovations

Roger Soto, HOK; Basem Al-Shihabi, Omrania & Associates

As the centerpiece of the King Abdullah Financial District, the Capital Market Authority (CMA) Tower is evidence of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s economic diversification...

31 December 2014

Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2014

Daniel Safarik, Antony Wood, Marty Carver & Marshall Gerometta, CTBUH

An All-Time Record 97 Buildings of 200 Meters or Higher Completed in 2014 and 2014 showed further shifts towards Asia, and also surprising developments in...

14 November 2013

The Middle East: 20 Years of Building Skyscrapers

CTBUH Research

Twenty years ago, the Middle East contained only one skyscraper over 150 meters in height. It is now estimated that by the end of 2015...

01 April 2013

Fast-growing Saudi Arabia Embraces Tall Buildings

John Harris, Jones Lang LaSalle

Amid a rapidly changing cultural and economic landscape in Saudi Arabia, John Harris, co-head of Jones Lang LaSalle’s Saudi Arabia office, discusses the shifts in...

26 October 2015

A Tale of Towers and Cities: A Contextual Approach to Vertical Urbanism

Louis Becker & Julian Chen, Henning Larsen Architects

While the ever increasing global interchange of capitals and ideas have created immense opportunities and growth in cities around the world, the physical manifestation of...

16 September 2014

Human Scale in Vertical Urbanism

Sudhir Jambhekar & Edward Mayer, FXFOWLE Architects

As global cities continue their horizontal sprawl, climate change bears down on our finite natural resources, and energy costs and population growth soar, it is...

28 November 2018

The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall

CTBUH has released a Tall Buildings in Numbers (TBIN) interactive data study examining the relationship between high-rise growth and population in the Middle East.

13 October 2016

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.

31 December 2014

CTBUH Releases Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2014

An All-Time Record 97 Buildings of 200 Meters or Higher Completed in 2014 and 2014 showed further shifts towards Asia, and also surprising developments in building functions and structural materials.