CTBUH Gold Member

Pelli Clarke & Partners

About

Member Since: 1994

Member Offices: New Haven

Website: http://www.pcparch.com/

From the World Financial Center in New York to the Petronas Towers in Malaysia and the International Finance Centre in Hong Kong, Pelli Clarke Pelli has had the great fortune to design many prestigious projects.

Their portfolio includes retail and mixed-​use projects, academic buildings, libraries, museums, research centers, residences and master plans, and they have served private clients, businesses, institutions and government agencies.

Their work has received critical acclaim and hundreds of design awards, including the American Institute of Architects’ Firm Award, the highest honor for an architectural practice. In 1995, the American Institute of Architects awarded Cesar Pelli the Gold Medal, its highest honor for an individual. In 2004, the firm was given the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for the Petronas Towers.

Fields of Expertise

Architecture; Interior Design; Urban Design

Membership details

Membership Level

Gold

Member Since

1994

Member Offices

  • New Haven

Buildings

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
Status

Completed

Architecturally Topped Out

Structurally Topped Out

Under Construction

On Hold

Proposed

Vision

Never Completed

Demolished

Competition Entry

Canceled

Proposed Renovation

Under Renovation

Renovated

Under Demolition

Height

1

Petronas Twin Tower 1

451.9 m / 1,483 ft

2

Petronas Twin Tower 2

451.9 m / 1,483 ft

3

Two International Finance Centre

412 m / 1,352 ft

4

Salesforce Tower

326.1 m / 1,070 ft

5

The Landmark

324 m / 1,063 ft

6

Torre Costanera

300 m / 984 ft

7

Abeno Harukas

300 m / 984 ft

8

Key Tower

288.7 m / 947 ft

9

Cheung Kong Centre

282.8 m / 928 ft

10

Petronas Tower 3

267 m / 876 ft

Building Completions Timeline

Videos

31 October 2017

Interview: Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

Fred Clarke, Aïcha Woods & Mark Shoemaker of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects are interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2017 CTBUH Australia Conference.

View all

Research

01 March 2018

Realized Value Creation; New Construction in Constrained Urban In-Fill Sites

The Case Study prepared by PCPA and Lift Group will identify a growing development problem in urban areas; high value project sites that are restrictive...

View all

Global News

31 January 2022

Downtown London Tower to Receive Retrofit

Banking giant Citigroup has chosen not to demolish its 42-story skyscraper at Canary Wharf, opting instead for a WilkinsonEyre-designed revamp, which it says will save...

View all

Associated companies

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
City
Height

1

Argentine Federale Building

Buenos Aires

610 m

2,001 ft

2

Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle

Chicago

610 m

2,000 ft

3

Evergrande City Light

Ningbo

454 m

1,488 ft

4

Petronas Twin Tower 1

Kuala Lumpur

452 m

1,483 ft

4

Petronas Twin Tower 2

Kuala Lumpur

452 m

1,483 ft

6

Two International Finance Centre

Hong Kong

412 m

1,352 ft

7

15 Penn Plaza

New York City

371 m

1,216 ft

8

Fairmont Kuala Lumpur Tower 1

Kuala Lumpur

370 m

1,214 ft

9

Newpark Tower 1

Dallas

342 m

1,121 ft

10

Salesforce Tower

San Francisco

326 m

1,070 ft

11

The Landmark

Abu Dhabi

324 m

1,063 ft

12

Columbus Circle Project

New York City

320 m

1,050 ft

13

Peachtree Triangle

Atlanta

306 m

1,004 ft

14

Torre Costanera

Santiago

300 m

984 ft

15

Abeno Harukas

Osaka

300 m

984 ft

16

Key Tower

Cleveland

289 m

947 ft

17

Cheung Kong Centre

Hong Kong

283 m

928 ft

18

Petronas Tower 3

Kuala Lumpur

267 m

876 ft

19

Bank of America Corporate Center

Charlotte

266 m

871 ft

20

Star Harbor International Centre East Tower

Shanghai

263 m

863 ft

20

Star Harbor International Centre West Tower

Shanghai

263 m

863 ft

22

Shanghai IFC North Tower

Shanghai

260 m

853 ft

23

Shanghai IFC South Tower

Shanghai

250 m

820 ft

24

Torre de Cristal

Madrid

249 m

817 ft

25

Bloomberg Tower

New York City

246 m

806 ft

26

Ocean Financial Centre

Singapore

245 m

804 ft

27

The Centrale

New York City

245 m

803 ft

28

30 Hudson Street

Jersey City

238 m

781 ft

29

BB&T Tower

Winston-Salem

237 m

778 ft

30

Wells Fargo Center

Minneapolis

236 m

775 ft

31

One Canada Square

London

236 m

774 ft

32

Carnegie Hall Tower

New York City

231 m

757 ft

33

Three World Financial Center

New York City

225 m

739 ft

34

FMC Tower at Cira Centre South

Philadelphia

223 m

730 ft

35

777 Tower

Los Angeles

221 m

725 ft

36

Vanke One City Office Tower

Shenzhen

220 m

722 ft

37

1555 Poydras

New Orleans

219 m

719 ft

38

Unicredit Tower

Milan

218 m

714 ft

39

Capital Place Office Tower

Jakarta

215 m

706 ft

40

501 Congress Avenue

Austin

215 m

705 ft

41

The Tower at Society Center

Hartford

212 m

696 ft

42

No. 1 Shanghai

Shanghai

211 m

691 ft

43

Hyatt Hotel at Fain Pier

Boston

210 m

689 ft

44

One International Finance Centre

Hong Kong

210 m

689 ft

45

181 West Madison

Chicago

207 m

680 ft

46

Vietcombank Tower

Ho Chi Minh City

206 m

676 ft

47

Wolf Point East Tower

Chicago

204 m

668 ft

48

25 Canada Square

London

201 m

659 ft

49

Two World Financial Center

New York City

197 m

645 ft

50

Residences by Armani Casa

Sunny Isles Beach

195 m

639 ft

51

Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower

Tokyo

192 m

631 ft

52

Atago Green Hills Mori Tower

Tokyo

187 m

614 ft

53

Riverview Plaza A3

Wuhan

186 m

610 ft

54

Hillsborough River Tower

Tampa

183 m

600 ft

55

Aria Resort & Casino

Las Vegas

183 m

600 ft

56

Harbor Garage Project Residential Tower

Boston

183 m

600 ft

57

1500 Louisiana Street

Houston

183 m

600 ft

58

Wood Wharf W02

London

182 m

595 ft

59

Torre Sevilla

Sevilla

181 m

592 ft

60

Museum Tower

New York City

180 m

589 ft

61

One World Financial Center

New York City

176 m

577 ft

62

Spear Tower

San Francisco

172 m

564 ft

63

Torre Iberdrola

Bilbao

165 m

541 ft

64

Torre Repsol YPF

Buenos Aires

160 m

525 ft

65

Torre Sofia

San Pedro Garza García

158 m

518 ft

66

Atago Green Hills Forest Tower

Tokyo

157 m

515 ft

67

1214 Fifth Avenue

New York City

156 m

513 ft

68

1 West End Avenue

New York City

156 m

513 ft

69

Riverview Plaza A2

Wuhan

156 m

512 ft

70

25 Bank Street

London

153 m

502 ft

70

40 Bank Street

London

153 m

502 ft

72

Four World Financial Center

New York City

152 m

500 ft

73

70 Trinity Place

New York City

152 m

499 ft

74

Torre Libertad

Mexico City

150 m

492 ft

75

Baoland Plaza

Guangzhou

149 m

487 ft

76

6624 Fannin Tower

Houston

145 m

477 ft

77

Abeno Grand Tour

Osaka

144 m

473 ft

78

Sea Hawk Hotel & Resort

Fukuoka

143 m

469 ft

79

900 3rd Avenue

New York City

143 m

469 ft

80

100 North Main Street

Winston-Salem

140 m

460 ft

81

Nakanoshima Mitsui Building

Osaka

140 m

460 ft

82

Camargo Corporate North Tower

São Paulo

139 m

456 ft

82

Camargo Corporate South Tower

São Paulo

139 m

456 ft

84

Four Leaf Towers 1

Houston

135 m

444 ft

84

Four Leaf Towers 2

Houston

135 m

444 ft

86

NHK Osaka Hall

Osaka

135 m

443 ft

87

Cira Centre

Philadelphia

133 m

437 ft

88

68 Trinity Place

New York City

132 m

433 ft

89

Evo at Cira Centre South

Philadelphia

130 m

427 ft

90

Sede Corporativa Banco Macro

Buenos Aires

130 m

427 ft

91

Residencial del Bosque 1

Mexico City

129 m

422 ft

91

Residencial del Bosque 2

Mexico City

129 m

422 ft

93

JPMorgan Chase Building

San Francisco

128 m

420 ft

94

1330 Post Oak Boulevard

Houston

128 m

420 ft

95

NTT Shinjuku Head Office Building

Tokyo

127 m

417 ft

96

Citylights at Queens Landing

New York City

125 m

410 ft

97

475 Park Avenue South

New York City

124 m

408 ft

98

Frost Bank Tower

San Antonio

122 m

400 ft

99

Baosteel Shanghai Headquarters

Shanghai

120 m

392 ft

100

CHOP Roberts Center for Pediatric Research Building 1

Philadelphia

114 m

375 ft

101

The Visionaire

New York City

110 m

360 ft

102

1360 Post Oak Tower

Houston

107 m

351 ft

102

Wells Fargo Tower

Houston

107 m

351 ft

104

Cleveland Marriott Downtown at Key Center

Cleveland

103 m

339 ft

105

McKinney & Olive

Dallas

102 m

335 ft

106

Clorox Building

Oakland

101 m

330 ft

107

North Point

Hong Kong

100 m

328 ft

Please note that this height is estimated, based on a floor count of 23 floors. The estimation has been arrived at by analyzing 6,641 other buildings of the same office function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of this estimation.

108

Porta Nuova Garibaldi Tower B

Milan

100 m

328 ft

109

Brooklyn Commons - 115 Myrtle Avenue

New York City

99 m

325 ft

110

Gonda Building

Rochester, MN

93 m

305 ft

111

Four Seasons Hotel Jakarta

Jakarta

91 m

299 ft

112

Zurichtoren

The Hague

88 m

289 ft

113

Plaza Tower

Costa Mesa

86 m

283 ft

114

The Solaire

New York City

85 m

280 ft

115

Osaka Museum of History

Osaka

83 m

272 ft

116

Pacific Design Center Red Building

Los Angeles

66 m

216 ft

117

One Century Tower

New Haven

65 m

213 ft

118

Porta Nuova Garibaldi Tower C

Milan

62 m

202 ft

119

One Park West Tower 1

Liverpool

56 m

184 ft

120

1212 Fifth Avenue

New York City

54 m

177 ft

121

One Park West Tower 2

Liverpool

50 m

165 ft

122

Trump Crystal

Istanbul

- m

- ft

123

Buerger Center for Advanced Pediatric Care, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Philadelphia

- m

- ft

Statistics

150 m+ Buildings

300 m+ Buildings

Average Building Age*

19 Years

Most Common Function*

Office (61%), 64 Buildings

Most Common Material*

Concrete (43%), 32 Buildings

* Based on 150 m+ buildings currently in the database.

Total: 105 Buildings for which a function has been assigned.
 
Total: 75 Buildings for which a material has been assigned.
 

*Based on 105 Completed & Under Construction Buildings

Building Completions Timeline

Building Map

Construction Time Chart

NOTE: Construction start time is not available for all buildings. The average construction time is only displayed if there is three or more buildings with construction start and complete data in that year.

Designated Experts

31 October 2017 | Sydney

Interview: Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

Fred Clarke, Aïcha Woods & Mark Shoemaker of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects are interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2017 CTBUH Australia Conference.

30 October 2017 | Sydney

CTBUH 2017 Australia Conference - Session 4A: Connected Buildings and Urban Mobility

Ame Engelhart, Director - Hong Kong, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, chairs the question and answer session with Fred Clarke, Senior Design Principal, Pelli Clarke...

30 October 2017 | Sydney

Humanizing Infrastructure: How Large-Scale, Transit-Based Urban Design Contributes to a Vibrant City

This presentation addressed the benefits of transit-based urban infrastructure development. In particular, it discusses the ways large-scale infrastructure can be humanized, making it open, friendly,...

04 February 2010 | Mumbai

The Re-making of Mumbai: Search for an Appropriate Skyscraper Response

In the early part of 2009, twelve students from the Illinois Institute of Technology, under the tutelage of Professor Antony Wood and working together with...

20 November 2008 | Chicago

Interview: Pelli Clarke Pelli

Larry Ng, of Pelli Clarke Pelli, is interviewed by Jeff Herzer at the CTBUH Headquarters at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. The interview was...

01 March 2018

Realized Value Creation; New Construction in Constrained Urban In-Fill Sites

Nathaniel C. Hadley, Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects; Charles H. Thornton, 2Lift Group LLC

The Case Study prepared by PCPA and Lift Group will identify a growing development problem in urban areas; high value project sites that are restrictive...

30 October 2017

Connecting the City: People, Density & Infrastructure

CTBUH 2017 Conference Speakers

The future of humanity on this planet relies on the collective benefits of urban density; reducing both land consumption and the energy needed to construct...

16 October 2005

An Aesthetics of Sustainability

Lawrence S. Ng, Cesar Pelli & Associates

Cesar Pelli recently completed the design of two tall buildings: one in Madrid and one in the United Arab Emirates, both extreme climatic conditions. Both...

20 October 2003

Life Safety System Design for the Petronas Twin Towers

Lawrence S. Ng, Cesar Pelli & Associates

One of the early design meetings of the Petronas Twin Towers was held in New York on the date of the first explosion at the...

31 January 2022

Downtown London Tower to Receive Retrofit

Banking giant Citigroup has chosen not to demolish its 42-story skyscraper at Canary Wharf, opting instead for a WilkinsonEyre-designed revamp, which it says will save...

23 April 2020

Foundation Preparations Begin at 60-Story Office Tower Along Chicago River

Development of the 60-story Salesforce Tower has kicked off along the Chicago River after the project secured a US$500 million-plus construction loan that is one of the...

20 June 2019

New 28-Story Skyscraper to be Built in Oakland

The CEO of Kaiser Permanente announced 17 June 2019 that the company will be constructing a new headquarters in Oakland and will call it The...

28 February 2019

Offer Made to Buy London’s 25 Canada Square Tower

Citigroup is in talks to buy its London skyscraper office for about £1.2 billion (US$1.68 billion), as the US bank commits its long-term future to...

CTBUH Initiatives Involving Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

CTBUH Chicago FLC Presents: Wolf Point East

16 December 2020

The CTBUH Chicago Future Leaders Committee held a virtual presentation on Wolf Point East, the second tower in a series of three, situated on the historic Wolf Point site in Chicago.

Skybridges: Bringing the Horizontal into the Vertical Realm

02 July 2020

This symposium gathered many successful practitioners sharing their experiences and discussing the recreation of the urban realm in the sky through connections between buildings at height.

CTBUH 2016 Conference Silver+ Sponsor

16–21 October 2016

Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism takes place progressively across three Chinese cities: Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Hong Kong.

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

13 October 2016

The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.

Warm Weather Spaces Walking Tours 2015

17 September 2015

The CTBUH Urban Habitat / Urban Design Committee organized guided walking tours of 16 cities around the globe, focusing on urban habitats around tall buildings.

Seven Cities Winter Spaces Walking Tour

29 January 2015

The new CTBUH Urban Habitat / Urban Design Committee organized a highly successful Winter Spaces Walking Tour in seven cities around the world.