176
Global
Height rank

Leatop Plaza

Guangzhou
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

302.7 m / 993 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

302.7 m / 993 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

264.7 m / 868 ft
1 2 3 Leatop Plaza Outline
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

64
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

5
Height 302.7 m / 993 ft
Floors 64
Official Name
The current legal building name.

Leatop Plaza

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed

Completion

2012

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

China

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Guangzhou

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office

Structural Material
Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

composite

Core
Reinforced Concrete
Columns
Concrete Filled Steel
Floor Spanning
Steel
Energy Label

LEED Gold

Official Website

Leatop Plaza

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

302.7 m / 993 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
302.7 m / 993 ft
Occupied
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
264.7 m / 868 ft
Observatory
264.7 m / 868 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

64

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

5

# of Parking Spaces
Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

838

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

35

Top Elevator Speed
Top Elevator Speed refers to the top speed capable of being achieved by an elevator within a particular building, measured in meters per second.

6 m/s

Tower GFA
Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

114,700 m² / 1,234,621 ft²

Rankings
#
176
Tallest in the World
#
107
Tallest in Asia
#
91
Tallest in China
#
10
Tallest in Guangzhou
#
66
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
44
Tallest Office Building in Asia
#
39
Tallest Office Building in China
#
8
Tallest Office Building in Guangzhou
#
106
Tallest Composite Building in the World
#
89
Tallest Composite Building in Asia
#
82
Tallest Composite Building in China
#
9
Tallest Composite Building in Guangzhou
Construction Schedule
2006

Proposed

2008

Construction Start

2012

Completed

Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Architect of Record

Usually takes on the balance of the architectural effort not executed by the "Design Architect," typically responsible for the construction documents, conforming to local codes, etc. May often be referred to as "Executive," "Associate," or "Local" Architect, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Architect of Record" exclusively.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Cladding
Elevator
Façade Maintenance Equipment
Owner/Developer
Guangdong Leatop Real Estate Investment Co., Ltd
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Architect of Record

Usually takes on the balance of the architectural effort not executed by the "Design Architect," typically responsible for the construction documents, conforming to local codes, etc. May often be referred to as "Executive," "Associate," or "Local" Architect, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Architect of Record" exclusively.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Project Manager

The CTBUH lists a project manager when a specific firm has been commissioned to oversee this aspect of a tall building’s design/construction. When the project management efforts are handled by the developer, main contract, or architect, this field will be omitted.

Guangdong Leatop Real Estate Investment Co., Ltd
Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

China Construction Eighth Engineering Division
Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Property Management
CBRE
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Cladding
Elevator
Façade Maintenance Equipment
Paint/Coating
AkzoNobel

CTBUH Initiatives

CTBUH Releases Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2012

31 December 2012 - CTBUH Journal

Helmut Jahn Discusses His Lifetime's Work

18 October 2012 - Awards Symposium Video

Videos

19 October 2016 | Guangzhou

Local Urbanism - High-Rise Building Design in the Development of High Density Cities

This project is located in the Tianhe district of Guangzhou, which is the area with the highest density in the city. There are Linhe village...

Research

31 December 2012

Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2012

Kevin Brass, Antony Wood & Marty Carver, CTBUH

For the first time in six years the number of tall buildings completed annually around the world declined as the effects of the global financial...

About Leatop Plaza

Though the form of Leatop Plaza may come across as straightforward, further inspection reveals the highly technical and energy-efficient façade system which the building employs. A triple-layer, vertical shingled glazing system with automated solar shades makes up this high-performance and intricate building envelope.

The approach to the tower is landscaped and leads up to a tall, glazed lobby which welcomes visitors. Echoing the canted form of the entrance glazing, the roof line angles to form a roof garden. The structural system of the tower relies upon multi-story, composite diagonal bracing instead of a typical concrete core, reducing the necessary wall thicknesses and creating more internal space.

Additionally, the tower strives for a 10% reduction in baseline energy consumption (based on ASHRAE 2007) and a 40% reduction in potable water usage though the high-performance façade, roof- and ground-level landscaping, and rain- and gray-water retention and use.

19 October 2016 | Guangzhou

Local Urbanism - High-Rise Building Design in the Development of High Density Cities

This project is located in the Tianhe district of Guangzhou, which is the area with the highest density in the city. There are Linhe village...

24 June 2014 | Guangzhou

Facade Access Solutions - Leatop Plaza, Guangzhou, China

CoxGomyl provides integrated access solutions to the Leatop Plaza, a skyscraper in the Pearl River New Town area in Guangzhou, one of the top 3...

11 June 2013 | Guangzhou

City-Scapes: Transformations + Interventions

In our journey from Chicago to New York, the United States, South Africa, Europe, the Mideast to Asia/China, the tall building has always been tied...

18 October 2012 | Guangzhou

Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award: Archi-neering Tall

Never predictable, never simplistic, Helmut Jahn has developed a complex portfolio of iconic buildings around the world. Standout projects include the Sony Center in Berlin,...

11 October 2011 | Guangzhou

Architecture and Engineering as One

Integrating and even celebrating the structure of a building through the architectural design often leads to dramatic and memorable buildings. To achieve the best outcome...

31 December 2012

Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2012

Kevin Brass, Antony Wood & Marty Carver, CTBUH

For the first time in six years the number of tall buildings completed annually around the world declined as the effects of the global financial...

10 October 2011

Lightness

Francisco J. Gonzalez-Pulido, Murphy Jahn

This presentation will focus in the aspects of our practice that deal with the issues that we consider relevant for the future of design and...

31 December 2012

CTBUH Releases Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2012

For the first time in six years the number of tall buildings completed annually around the world declined as the effects of the global financial crisis became evident.

18 October 2012

Helmut Jahn Discusses His Lifetime's Work

Never predictable, never simplistic, Helmut Jahn has developed a complex portfolio of iconic buildings around the world. Standout projects include the Sony Center in Berlin, Xerox Center in Chicago, Liberty Place in Philadelphia and the MGM Veer Towers in Las Vegas. Once defined as a modernist, he broke away from rigid labels to create his own blends of efficient structures, paving the way for a new era of sustainable buildings.

17 December 2010

Jewelers Building Tour

The CTBUH participated in an exciting tour of Chicago's historic Jewelers Building situated along the Chicago River.