305
Global
Height rank

22 Bishopsgate

London
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    Metrics
Height 278.2 m / 913 ft
Floors 62
Official Name
The current legal building name.

22 Bishopsgate

Other Names
Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Twentytwo, The Pinnacle

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed

Completion

2020

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

United Kingdom

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

London

Address

22 Bishopsgate

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

Office

Structural Material
All-Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered an “all-steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

All-Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars and/or steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

All-Timber
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from timber. An all-timber structure may include the use of localized non-timber connections between timber elements. Note that a building of timber construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of timber beams is still considered an “all-timber” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. all-steel, all-concrete, all-timber), one on top of the other. For example, a Steel Over Concrete indicates an all-steel structural system located on top of an all-concrete structural system, with the opposite true of Concrete Over Steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used within a composite building’s primary structural elements.

Concrete-Steel Composite

Energy Label

BREEAM Excellent / WELL

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

278.2 m / 913 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
278.2 m / 913 ft
Occupied
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
269.2 m / 883 ft
Observatory
253.3 m / 831 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

62

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

26

Top Elevator Speed
Top Elevator Speed refers to the top speed capable of being achieved by an elevator within a particular building, measured in meters per second.

8 m/s

Tower GFA
Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

201,970 m² / 2,173,987 ft²

Rankings

#
305
Tallest in the World
#
14
Tallest in Europe
#
2
Tallest in United Kingdom
#
2
Tallest in London

Construction Schedule

2015

Proposed

2016

Construction Start

2020

Completed

Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Project Manager

The CTBUH lists a project manager when a specific firm has been commissioned to oversee this aspect of a tall building’s design/construction. When the project management efforts are handled by the developer, main contract, or architect, this field will be omitted.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Concrete
Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Access
Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Quantity Surveyor
Wind
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Façade Maintenance Equipment
Sealants
Developer
AXA Investment Managers - Real Assets; Lipton Rogers Developments LLP; Temasek Holdings
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Project Manager

The CTBUH lists a project manager when a specific firm has been commissioned to oversee this aspect of a tall building’s design/construction. When the project management efforts are handled by the developer, main contract, or architect, this field will be omitted.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Concrete
Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Access
Artist
Pierre Renart
Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Emmer Pfenninger Partner AG; Interpane; WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff; Permasteelisa Group
Landscape
West 8
Planning
DP9 Ltd
Quantity Surveyor
Wind
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Concrete
Carey London Limited; Thorp Precast
Façade Maintenance Equipment
Interior Partition
Bill Amberg Studio
Sealants
Steel
Severfield

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building 200-299 meters 2022 Award of Excellence

2022 CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building Europe 2022 Award of Excellence

2022 CTBUH Awards

 

Videos

01 December 2021 | London

The Making of 22 Bishopsgate

Gain an insider's perspective on 22 Bishopsgate, the second tallest building in London. The video provides insights on all stages of the process from key...

Research

12 January 2021

Interactive Study on Tall Buildings in 2020: COVID-19 Contributes To Dip in Year-On-Year Completions

CTBUH Research

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat has released its annual report, CTBUH Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2020, part of the Tall...

Global News

02 April 2020

Developer Pauses Construction on London Skyscraper

Multiplex, the contractor building the new Vauxhall Square-Miles Street South and 278-meter-high Twentytwo at 22 Bishopsgate, shut all its work sites on 24 March, after...

01 December 2021 | London

The Making of 22 Bishopsgate

Gain an insider's perspective on 22 Bishopsgate, the second tallest building in London. The video provides insights on all stages of the process from key...

30 October 2017 | London

Interview: Steve Watts

Steve Watts of alinea consulting and CTBUH Chairman-Elect is interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2017 CTBUH Australia Conference.

12 January 2021

Interactive Study on Tall Buildings in 2020: COVID-19 Contributes To Dip in Year-On-Year Completions

CTBUH Research

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat has released its annual report, CTBUH Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2020, part of the Tall...

28 July 2018

A Vertical Transportation Analytical Tool For the Construction of Tall Buildings

Julien Grange & Oscar Savage, Multiplex Construction Europe

The construction phase of 22 Bishopsgate, London, presented many challenges, but one of the greatest issues to overcome was the requirement to ensure comfortable and...

02 April 2020

Developer Pauses Construction on London Skyscraper

Multiplex, the contractor building the new Vauxhall Square-Miles Street South and 278-meter-high Twentytwo at 22 Bishopsgate, shut all its work sites on 24 March, after...

16 May 2019

The City of London’s Tallest Building Tops Out

The City of London’s new tallest building, PLP’s Twentytwo tower, has reached its highest point. The 62-story skyscraper for French investment manager AXA IM –...

6 December 2018

CTBUH Chief Executive Officer Conducts Speaking Tour of London

CTBUH CEO Antony Wood traveled to his native UK for a speaking and listening tour, including a keynote address and several dinners with key figures of the tall building industry.

13 June 2018

CTBUH Chairman Rappels for Charity

CTBUH Chairman Steve Watts participated in the Lord Mayor's Appeal Abseil, propelling down 22 Bishopsgate in London for charity.

24 March 2018

CTBUH Board of Trustees Travels to Hawaii

The CTBUH Trustees from Chicago, New York, London, Mumbai, and Hong Kong gathered to attend the main annual Trustees meeting.

23 February 2018

CTBUH UK Tours 22 Bishopsgate

The CTBUH United Kingdom Chapter conducted an under-construction tour of 22 Bishopsgate, the tallest building under construction in the UK.

7 October 2015

Does London Need Tall Buildings?

The CTBUH UK Chapter hosted a successful panel discussion posing the question "Does London need tall buildings?" at Grimshaw's Clerkenwell studio.